Manzini (formerly known as Bremersdorp) is a city in Swaziland; it is the capital of Swaziland’s Manzini Region. The city is the country’s second largest urban centre behind Mbabane, with a population of 78,000 (2008). It is known as “The Hub” of Swaziland and lies on the MR3 road. Swaziland’s primary industrial site at Matsapha lies near the town’s western border.



Residential areas radiate outward from the Central Business District. At the western terminous of the city on the highway to Mbabane is KaKhoza Township, a poor neighborhood with the appearance of an informal settlement. North of downtown beyond the Mavuso International Trade Fair (opened 2004) along a bypass road (opened 1994, rebuilt 2004 for the opening of the Mavuso Trade Fair) is Helemesi Estates. Here middle-class dwellings were erected in the early 1990s on the former farm of Sydney Williams, the long-serving Resident Commissioner during British rule. Helemesi is the SiSwati corruption of the name Williams. The housing development is surrounded by Fairview Township, developed in 1964 during the twilight of colonial rule as Swaziland’s first integrated residential neighbourhood. 19th century law, reaffirmed by ordinances in the 1920s, forbade Swazis from residing or owning businesses in Bremserdorp. Until the 1960s Swazi business proprietors used Europeans as fronts in order to operate “Native Eating Houses” and other establishments. The popularity of Fairview Township prompted the expansion of the area north of a hill occupied at its summit by St. Paul’s Methodist Church and School, beside a landmark water tower. The newer development was named Fairview North and the original development became Fairview South. Upscale residential neighbourhoods were erected to the east of downtown, beginning with Coates Valley in the 1960s. Extension 6 north of Coates Valley is predominately middle-class homes, and abuts a planned community of up-market properties, Madonsa Township. Large homes were erected at Madonsa Township from the 1990s until all lots were developed ten years later. South of downtown is the sprawling lower and middle-class Ngwane Park Township, developed from a private farm since the 1970s. However, most areas surrounding Manzini are rural Swazi Nation Land administered by chiefs. Manzini has pockets of extreme poverty: informal settlements along the river, east of Coates Valley, and west between KaKhoza Township and the industrial town Matsapha.



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